So what's the first word o' the half-week? By dint of me opening to the glossary of a volcanology textbook and pointing blindly: Guyot!
A submarine volcano with a flat top produced by wave erosion before the island was submerged.A guyot is one of the stages in the life cycle of an ocean island volcano, and the form occurs when a volcano is no longer actively growing and unable to replace what is lost to the erosive force of wind and waves. Here's a diagram to illustrate:
(This came from a powerpoint someone gave me a while back, and I don't know where they nabbed it from - looks like a textbook. If anyone recognizes it, let me know and I'll put in an attribution!)
Unfortunately, it's a bit hard to show off a photo of a guyot, since they're generally underwater. Here's something that looks similar, however, from Hawaii's Big Island. These photos were taken somewhere along Rt. 11 (Mamalahoa Highway) on the way to Punalu'u Black Sand Beach and Ka Lae (South Point). I remember that there was some discussion going on about guyots, but I'm not sure if these are the real item. Does anyone else know if these are 'stranded' guyots?